Efficient modeling and optimization of surface second-harmonic generation from nanophotonic components

The thesis addresses the development of efficient numerical techniques for the simulation of the surface SHG phenomena from nanostructures and metasurfaces. Chapter 2 is dedicated to the development of a numerical approach based on the transfer matrix method for modeling of surface SHG from multilayer structures. The performance of the developed transfer matrix method is tested for several exemplary stacks. Chapter 3 is devoted to the development of a fully finite-element numerical method for efficient modeling of surface SHG effects. This method treats the surface nonlinear polarization as the deltasurface source embedded into the respective interfaces between two media. It is shown that the proposed method allows modeling of surface nonlinear effects from arbitrary-shaped all-dielectric and plasmonic isolated nanoparticles, as well as metasurfaces. Chapter 4 focuses on the numerical investigation of the symmetry properties of the bulk and surface nonlinear tensors in noncentrosymmetric semiconductors, which result in specific signatures in the polarization-resolved far-field SHG pattern. It is demonstrated that under the plane-wave illumination of a slab of a noncentrosymmetric III-V semiconductor the differences arise in the angular dependence of the emitted second-harmonic radiation on the angle of the crystal axis rotation. The results are then extended to the case of an illumination by a linearly polarized tightly-focused Gaussian beam and the specific signatures of surface and bulk nonlinearities are also obtained in the polarization-resolved far-field SHG patterns. Finally, Chapter 5 is devoted to the numerical studies of the surface SHG from multilayer structures of different possible compositions. Using the developed transfer matrix method the optimal geometry of the multilayer structures is sought for the efficient surface-driven SHG. The achievable SHG conversion efficiency is analysed both in nonperiodic and periodic multilayer structures.


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