Powers of cycles, powers of paths, and distance graphs
In 1988, Golumbic and Hammer characterized powers of cycles, relating them to circular-arc graphs. We extend their results and propose several further structural characterizations for both powers of cycles and powers of paths. The characterizations lead to linear-time recognition algorithms of these classes of graphs. Furthermore, as a generalization of powers of cycles, powers of paths, and even of the well-known circulant graphs, we consider distance graphs. While colourings of these graphs have been intensively studied, the recognition problem has been so far neglected. We propose polynomial-time recognition algorithms for these graphs under additional restrictions.
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