6 documents found

Article / Chapter
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2009-05-04

Some remarks on the geodetic number of a graph

A set of vertices D of a graph G is geodetic if every vertex of G lies on a shortest path between two not necessarily distinct vertices in D. The geodetic number of G is the minimum cardinality of a geodetic set of G. We prove that it is NP complete to decide for a given chordal or chordal bipartite...
Article / Chapter
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2009-05-04

On the convexity number of graphs

A set of vertices S in a graph is convex if it contains all vertices which belong to shortest paths between vertices in S. The convexity number c(G) of a graph G is the maximum cardinality of a convex set of vertices which does not contain all vertices of G. We prove NP-completeness of the problem to...
Article / Chapter
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2009-05-04

On the hull number of triangle-free graphs

A set of vertices C in a graph is convex if it contains all vertices which lie on shortest paths between vertices in C. The convex hull of a set of vertices S is the smallest convex set containing S. The hull number h(G) of a graph G is the smallest cardinality of a set of vertices whose convex hull...
Article / Chapter
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2009-04-29

Long cycles and paths in distance graphs

For $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and $D\subseteq \mathbb{N}$, the distance graph $P_n^D$ has vertex set $\{ 0,1,\ldots,n-1\}$ and edge set $\{ ij\mid 0\leq i,j\leq n-1, |j-i|\in D\}$. Note that the important and very well-studied circulant graphs coincide with the regular distance graphs. A fundamental result concerning...
Article / Chapter
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2009-04-29

Connectivity and diameter in distance graphs

For $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and $D\subseteq \mathbb{N}$, the distance graph $P_n^D$ has vertex set $\{ 0,1,\ldots,n-1\}$ and edge set $\{ ij\mid 0\leq i,j\leq n-1, |j-i|\in D\}$. The class of distance graphs generalizes the important and very well-studied class of circulant graphs which have been proposed...
Article / Chapter
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2009-04-29

Powers of cycles, powers of paths, and distance graphs

In 1988, Golumbic and Hammer characterized powers of cycles, relating them to circular-arc graphs. We extend their results and propose several further structural characterizations for both powers of cycles and powers of paths. The characterizations lead to linear-time recognition algorithms of these...