14 documents found

Dissertation
All rights reserved
2017

Strategic communication, voting and political institutions : essays in behavio ...

Explaining how political institutions shape human behavior is one of the big challenges of social sciences. This thesis uses game theory, behavioral economics and the tools of experimental economics to study two topics in particular: information aggregation and legitimacy of institutions. While political...
Dissertation
All rights reserved
2016

On the temporal dynamics of implicit self-regulation in the form of evaluative...

In order to successfully pursue a goal, it is important to be able to resolve potential conflict with other activities and resist any temptations that might otherwise distract from the task at hand. By now, a considerable amount of research has shown that this ability, i.e., self-regulation, does not...
Dissertation
All rights reserved
2016

Game against the machine : interacting with artificial economic agents

Nowadays artificial agents (robots, artificial intelligences, etc.) are part of our societies and we interact with them daily. Hybrid societies, in which human and artificial agents interact are already reality and may become the norm not the exception. Little research has been done in general with regard...
Dissertation
All rights reserved
2016

Institutions and identity in economic decision-making

Die vorliegende Dissertation analysiert die Rolle von Identität und Institutionen in ökonomisch relevanten Entscheidungssituationen. Es wird argumentiert, dass ökonomisches Entscheidungsverhalten zumeist durch ein Zusammenspiel von Vorstellungen charakterisiert ist, die Menschen von sich selbst und anderen...
Dissertation
All rights reserved
2016

Defensive behavior in principal-agent relationships

In this doctoral thesis, I explore how vague behavioural or legal standards affect agents decision-making. In particular, I test the extent to which agents engage in defensive behaviour in order to signal a professional qualification or in the face of vague legal standards. I measure defensive behaviour...
Dissertation
All rights reserved
2016

Sources of intuitive and deliberative decisions : the role of implicit and exp ...

The question of underlying (motivational) sources of decisions has largely been neglected within both psychology and economics. This dissertation aims to understand the ‘what’ of decision making by connecting two fields of research that have up to now been studied independently and in isolation: Intuitive/Deliberative...
Dissertation
2015-07-17

Experimental analysis of successes and failures in prosocial and ethical...

Pro-social and ethical behavior primarily understood as the ability to sacrifice one’s own interest to the benefit of others leads to welfare improvements and social progress, whereas anti-social and unethical actions result in irrevocable welfare losses and destruction. This dissertation includes three...
Dissertation
2015-07-17

Information, strategic behavior and learning in games : an experimental analys ...

The current doctoral thesis is comprised of three distinct papers with a unifying theme of studying human behavior in strategic environments of incomplete information. Each paper considers a particular manifestation of information guiding, shaping or in some other way, affecting human behavior when the...
Dissertation
2015-03-18

Opportunities of Cross-fertilization between law and experimental economics

In Chapter II we investigate consumer behavior when facing target rebates, a rebate practice challenged by antitrust law. In three experiments, we confirm the hypothesis derived from Cumulative Prospect Theory (CPT), that target rebates are likely to create psychological switching costs that can make...
Dissertation
2013-07-04

How norms guide behavior in an uncertain world : an experimental law & economi ...

In four independent Chapters, I examine how norms guide our behavior in an uncertain world. Methodologically, I apply the toolbox of experimental economics to research questions that are on the interface between economics and law (especially Chapter 1 and Chapter 2), sociology (especially Chapter 3),...
Dissertation
2013-04-15

Interactions of accent and appearance in social categorization, impression...

When we get to know someone, we instantly form an impression of this person. Other’s accent or appearance can confirm our expectations to their ethnicity, but can also surprise us. Impressions made by people whose accents are surprising to how they look have not been studied. The goal of this dissertation...
Dissertation
2012-06-18

One-way communication and leading by example : four studies on voluntary coope ...

Die vorliegende Dissertation widmet sich mit Hilfe kontrollierter Laborexperimente der übergeordneten Frage, wie menschliche Kooperation in Situationen ermöglicht werden kann, in denen die materiellen Anreize egoistisches, nicht gruppendienliches Verhalten begünstigen. Diese Frage wird in der ökonomischen...
Dissertation
All rights reserved
2012-01-03

International trade, learning, and firms’ heterogeneous performance : theory a ...

This thesis investigates whether Chinese firms improve their productivity through export and why this is the case; whether export and R&D investment have a complementary effect on improving firm performance; how to identify the dynamics of technological capabilities for a large group of firms and how...
Dissertation
2011-01-25

When Does the Sheep Become a Wolf? : Minimal Conditions for Interindividual-In ...

This dissertation aimed to detect and distinguish between minimal conditions for the interindividual-intergroup discontinuity effect. To date, research has focused onmoderators (e.g., Wildschut et al., 2003) and explanations (e.g, Wildschut & Insko, 2007) for the robust phenomenon that intergroup interactions...