We consider observer designs for an exhaust-gas turbocharger based on a third order nonlinear model of the air path of a diesel engine. To propose an observer, the system is analyzed in view of different observability properties for nonlinear systems. We derive explicit constraints for the system state...
The Partial Credit Model,
The two assumptions defining the Partial Credit Model and the definition of the latent variable,
Interpretation of the threshold parameters,
Graphs of the U-conditional threshold-probabilities for different...