Sustainable protected areas : Synergies between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic development

ORCID
0000-0002-0333-225X
Affiliation
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig Leipzig Germany
Gatiso, Tsegaye T.;
Affiliation
Max‐Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Leipzig Germany
Kulik, Lars;
ORCID
0000-0002-0533-4304
Affiliation
Max‐Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Leipzig Germany
Bachmann, Mona;
GND
1140649558
ORCID
0000-0002-8345-4600
Affiliation
Institute of Biodiversity, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany
Bonn, Aletta;
Affiliation
Institute for Sociology University Leipzig Leipzig Germany
Bösch, Lukas;
GND
111333296
Affiliation
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany
Freytag, Andreas;
ORCID
0000-0003-0051-2930
Affiliation
Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg Freiburg Germany
Heurich, Marco;
Affiliation
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig Leipzig Germany
Wesche, Karsten;
ORCID
0000-0002-9593-7300
Affiliation
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig Leipzig Germany
Winter, Marten;
Affiliation
Max‐Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Leipzig Germany
Ordaz‐Németh, Isabel;
ORCID
0000-0003-3758-5981
Affiliation
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig Leipzig Germany
Sop, Tenekwetche;
ORCID
0000-0002-4440-9161
Affiliation
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig Leipzig Germany
Kühl, Hjalmar S.

1. Reconciling conservation and socioeconomic development goals is key to sustainability but remains a source of fierce debate. Protected areas (PAs) are believed to play an essential role in achieving these seemingly conflicting goals. Yet, there is limited evidence as to whether PAs are actually achieving the two goals simultaneously.

2. Here, we investigate when and to what extent synergies or trade‐offs between biodiversity conservation and local socioeconomic development occur. To explore these relationships, we collected data across a wide range of socioeconomic settings through face‐to‐face survey with PA managers from 114 African and European PAs using structured questionnaire.

3. We found synergies between biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic development for 62% of the PAs, albeit with significant differences between African (55%) and European PAs (75%). Moreover, the sustainability of PAs in conserving biodiversity was strongly correlated with the empowerment of the PA management and the involvement of local communities in PA planning and decision‐making processes.

4. Our results demonstrate that for PAs to promote synergies between biodiversity conservation and local socioeconomic development, and to enhance their long‐term sustainability, they should invest in the empowerment of their respective management and involvement of local communities in their planning and management activities. 

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