Comparative assessment of vehicle anti-lock braking system operation using friction brake mechanisms and e-machine in the vehicle with electric drive of traction wheels

Study of the braking process of the vehicle with an electric machine in the traction wheels drive equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), where the actuators are the electric machine and friction brake mechanisms, is a relevant task. This is related to the worldwide trending increase in the share of production of vehicles with an electric machine within the transmission. In this paper, the "traditional" ABS and two systems with different variants of usage of the electric machine and friction brake mechanisms as actuators are compared: 1. The electric machine fulfills the function of the wheel slip regulator; the friction brake mechanisms maintain constant pressure in the brake line, which depends on the tyre-road friction coefficient. 2. The friction brake mechanisms fulfill the function of the wheel slip regulator; the electric machine maintains the set brake torque. According to the study results, usage of the combined actuator system within the ABS allows reducing the braking distance significantly, raising the vehicle deceleration value and improving the driver's and passengers' comfort during braking.


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