Mechanism and characteristics of global varying compliance parametric resonances in a ball bearing

Varying compliance (VC) is an unavoidable form of parametric excitation in rolling bearings and can affect the stability and safety of the bearing and its supporting rotor system. To date, we have investigated VC primary resonance in ball bearings, and in this paper other parametric VC resonance types are addressed. For a classical ball bearing model with Hertzian contact and clearance nonlinearities between the rolling elements and raceway, the harmonic balance and alternating frequency/time domain (HB-AFT) method and Floquet theory are adopted to analyze the VC parametric resonances and their stabilities. It is found that the 1/2-order subharmonic resonances, 2-order superharmonic resonances, and various VC combination resonances, such as the 1-order and 2-order summed types, can be excited, thus resulting in period-1, period-2, period-4, period-8, period-35, quasi-period, and even chaotic VC motions in the system. Furthermore, the bifurcation and hysteresis characteristics of complex VC resonant responses are discussed, in which cyclic fold, period doubling, and the second Hopf bifurcation can occur. Finally, the global involution of VC resonances around bearing clearance-free operations (i.e., adjusting the bearing clearance to zero or one with low interference) are provided. The overall results extend the investigation of VC parametric resonance cases in rolling bearings.


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