Ultrasonic excitation during press-fit joining of electrical contacts

Ultrasonic excitation of pins during a press-in process can reduce the press-in force. There are various theories describing the reason for the force reduction. In this paper, the printed circuit board (PCB) was excited to reduce the press-in force. The advantages of this process in comparison with the excitation of the pin are its suitability for already embedded pins. Another point is that several pins at the same time can be joined with the PCB. A new pin geometry was developed, and an appropriate aluminum-based alloy was chosen to show the effects of ultrasonic excitation. The influence of the amplitude of the ultrasound on the press-in force and the deformation of pin and plated through hole (PTH) were studied. With an excitation amplitude of 20 μm, the press-in force could be reduced by more than 80%. Furthermore, it is found that the force needed for plastic deformation and the friction are reduced by ultrasound. The higher the amplitude, the more deforms the PTH while the pin deforms less.


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