We trace the ultrafast dynamics of the spin density wave gap of the pnictide system BaFe2As2 probing resonantly with broadband multi-terahertz pulses. The photoexcitation in the low-temperature ground state leads to a fast suppression of the spin order followed by a slower recovery process. Surprisingly, in the normal state, we observe periodic oscillations of the spin density wave feature at a frequency as high as 5.5 THz. Our results indicate a transient development of a macroscopic order driven by a coherent lattice oscillation and attest to a pronounced spin–phonon coupling in pnictides.
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