Photon momentum induced precision small forces: a static and dynamic check
Practical means of generation and calibration of the small precision forces in static and dynamic regimes around 1 Hz by the usage of radiation pressure effect from 1 W continuous wave visible (diode) laser light is presented. The additive effect of the transfer of photon momentum, caused by non-overlapping multiply reflecting laser beam locked within a quasipassive and/or active macroscopic cavity system, is employed. The effective laser power (partially trapped experimentally) is amplified, such that the optically generated forces are increased from hundreds of pN to sub-μN level. The results presented in this paper should be seen as a means for extending the edge of practically verifiable lower limits of SI-traceable force metrology.