Quantitative reconstruction of a magnetic nanoparticle distribution using a non-negativity constraint

Magnetorelaxometry (MRX) is a non-invasive method for the specific quantification of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP). Here, we investigate experimentally the reconstruction of the MNP concentration in an extended volume. A phantom with varying but known MNP distribution was subsequently magnetized by 48 planar coils at different locations. The MRX signal was measured using the PTB 304 SQUID-magnetometer system. The inverse problem was solved by means of a nonnegative least squares (NNLS) algorithm and compared to a minimum norm estimation (TSVD-MNE). The reconstruction by NNLS shows a deviation of the total MNP amount of less than 3 % (10% by TSVD-MNE). Hence, adapted non-invasive MRX methods can reliable reconstruct the MNP content in extended volumes.


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This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.