The Theory of Difference Potentials in the Three-Dimensional Case

Hommel, Angela

The method of difference potentials can be used to solve discrete elliptic boundary value problems, where all derivatives are approximated by finite differences. Considering the classical potential theory, an integral equation on the boundary will be investigated, which is solved approximately by the help of a quadrature formula. The advantage of the discrete method consists in the establishment of a linear equation system on the boundary, which can be immediately solved on the computer. The described method of difference potentials is based on the discrete Laplace equation in the three-dimensional case. In the first step the integral representation of the discrete fundamental solution is presented and the convergence behaviour with respect to the continuous fundamental solution is discussed. Because the method can be used to solve boundary value problems in interior as well as in exterior domains, it is necessary to explain some geometrical aspects in relation with the discrete domain and the double-layer boundary. A discrete analogue of the integral representation for functions in will be presented. The main result consists in splitting the difference potential on the boundary into a discrete single- and double-layer potential, respectively. The discrete potentials are used to establish and solve a linear equation system on the boundary. The actual form of this equation systems and the conditions for solvability are presented for Dirichlet and Neumann problems in interior as well as in exterior domains

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Hommel, Angela: The Theory of Difference Potentials in the Three-Dimensional Case. 2005.

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