Prevention of solidification cracking during pulsed laser beam welding
We present a mathematical model to describe laser beam welding based on the heat equation. Since the material coeff cients depend on the temperature, this leads to a quasi-linear parabolic partial differential equation. It is our goal to prevent solidif cation cracking. We address this problem by means of optimal control. It is the intensity prof le of the laser beam which acts as the control function. The main challenge is the formulation of a suitable objective function. In particular, high velocities of the solidif cation interface need to be properly penalized in order to deal with and avoid cracking phenomena.
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