Decentralized data fusion and data harvesting framework for heterogeneous dynamic network systems

Yang, Jin GND

Diese Dissertation behandelt das Thema der dezentralisieren Sammlung und Fusion von Daten in heterogenen, ressourcenbeschraekten und dynamischen Netzwerkszenarien. Dazu wird ein generisches Framework vorgestellt, dass es erlaubt die Datensammlung, den Datenaustausch und auch die Datenfusion dynamisch zu konfigurieren. Im Zuge dessen wird auch eine Methode zur gerichteten Fusion von Daten auf graphentheoretischer Basis eingefrt, die es erlaubt eine logische Struktur fuer die Fusion von Informationen zu modellieren. Eine Markup-Sprache, die sowohl menschen- als auch maschinenlesbar ist, erlaubt es diese Struktur leicht zu editieren. Im Bereich der Protokolle zum Datenaustausch liegt der Fokus dieser Arbeit auf Energieeffizienz, um auch ressourcenbeschraenkte Geraete einzubinden. Ein weiterer Schwerpunkt liegt auf Robustheit fuer die betrachteten dynamischen Szenarien. Diese Dissertation schlaet zudem Design-Richtlinien vor, um verschiedene Ziele fuer unterschiedliche Applikationen umzusetzen. Diese lassen sich leicht in das vorgestellte Framework integrieren und darueber konfigurieren. Dadurch ergibt sich im Ganzen eine flexible Architektur, die sich leicht an dynamische Umgebungen anpassen laesst.

With the increasing number of available smart phones, sensor nodes, and novel mobile smart devices such as Google glass, a large volume of data reflecting the environment is generated in the form of sensing data sources (such as GPS, received signal strength identification, accelerometer, microphone, images, videos and gyroscope, etc.). Some context-aware and data centric applications require the online processing of the data collected. The thesis researches on the decentralized data fusion and data harvesting framework for heterogeneous dynamic network system consisting of various devices with resource constraints. In order to achieve the flexible design, a general architecture is provided while the detailed data fusion and data exchange functions can be dynamically configured. A novel method to use directed fusion graph to model the logical structure of the distributed information fusion architecture is introduced. This directed fusion graph can accurately portray the interconnection among different data fusion components and the data exchange protocols, as well as the detailed data streams. The directed fusion graph is then transformed into a format with marked language, so that both human and machine can easily understand and edit. In the field of data exchange protocols, this thesis targets energy-efficiency considering the resource constraints of the devices and robustness, as the dynamic environment might cause failures to the system. It proposes a refined gossip strategy to reduce retransmission of redundant data. The thesis also suggests a design guideline to achieve different design aims for different applications. These results in this field can be integrated into the framework effortlessly. The configuration mechanism is another feature of this framework. Different from other research work which consider configuration as a post-design work separated from the main design of any middle-ware. This thesis considers the configuration part as another dimension of the framework. The whole strategy in configuration sets up the foundation for the flexible architecture, and makes it easy to adapt to the dynamic environment. The contributions in the above fields lead to a light-weight data fusion and data harvesting framework which can be deployed easily above wireless based, heterogeneous, dynamic network systems, even in extreme conditions, to handle data-centric applications.

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Yang, Jin: Decentralized data fusion and data harvesting framework for heterogeneous dynamic network systems. 2015.

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