In vector optimization with a variable ordering structure the partial ordering defined by a convex cone is replaced by a whole family of convex cones, one associated with each element of the space. As these vector optimization problems are not only of interest in applications but also mathematical challenging, in recent publications it was started to develop a comprehensive theory. In doing that also notions of proper efficiency where generalized to variable ordering structures. In this paper we study the relations between several types of proper optimality notions, among others based on local and global approximations of the considered sets. We give scalarization results based on new functionals defined by elements from the dual cones which allow characterizations also in the nonconvex case.