Tight bounds for blind search on the integers

Dietzfelbinger, Martin GND; Rowe, Jonathan E.; Wegener, Ingo GND; Woelfel, Philipp

We analyze a simple random process in which a token is moved in the interval $A={0,dots,n$: Fix a probability distribution $mu$ over ${1,dots,n$. Initially, the token is placed in a random position in $A$. In round $t$, a random value $d$ is chosen according to $mu$. If the token is in position $ageq d$, then it is moved to position $a-d$. Otherwise it stays put. Let $T$ be the number of rounds until the token reaches position 0. We show tight bounds for the expectation of $T$ for the optimal distribution $mu$. More precisely, we show that $min_mu{E_mu(T)=Thetaleft((log n)^2 ight)$. For the proof, a novel potential function argument is introduced. The research is motivated by the problem of approximating the minimum of a continuous function over $[0,1]$ with a ``blind'' optimization strategy.

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Dietzfelbinger, Martin / Rowe, Jonathan E. / Wegener, Ingo / et al: Tight bounds for blind search on the integers. 2008.

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