On Maximum Matchings and Eigenvalues of Benzenoid Graphs
In August 2003 the computer program GRAFFITI made conjecture 1001 stating that for any benzenoid graph, the size of a maximum matching equals the number of positive eigenvalues. Later, the authors learned that this conjecture was already known in 1982 to I. Gutman (Kragujevac). Here we present a proof of this conjecture and of a related theorem. The results are of some relevance in the theory of (unsaturated) polycyclic hydrocarbons.
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